European Space Agency (ESA; French: Agence spatiale européenne - German: Europäische Weltraumorganisation) is an intergovernmental organisation of 22 member states dedicated to the exploration of space. Established in 1975 and headquartered in Paris, ESA has a worldwide staff of about 2,200 in 2018 and an annual budget of about €6.68 billion (US$7.43 billion) in 2020.
They also launch and operation of uncrewed exploration missions to other planets and the Moon; Earth observation, science and telecommunication; designing launch vehicles; and maintaining a major spaceport, the Guiana Space Centre at Kourou, French Guiana.
The main European launch vehicle Ariane 5 is operated through Arianespace with ESA sharing in the costs of launching and further developing this launch vehicle. The agency is also working with NASA to manufacture the Orion Spacecraft service module, that will fly on the Space Launch System.
ESA is actively pursuing a robotic space exploration agenda.
THE FINAL FRONTIER
The known universe consists of all of space (and time), including planets, stars, galaxies, and all other forms of matter and energy. It is a pretty big subject, where we are having trouble taking stock of planet earth.
But the vastness of space and the proliferation of other galaxies, stars and planets, gives us hope that when we have finally exhausted our natural resources, that there may be another haven to sustain human life.
The burning question is whether we will be advanced enough to migrate from earth, and will we reach that stage before we burn out our beautiful planet?
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